Download e-book for kindle: Agents of the Welfare State: How Caseworkers Respond to Need by Christopher J. Jewell (auth.)

By Christopher J. Jewell (auth.)

ISBN-10: 023060725X

ISBN-13: 9780230607255

ISBN-10: 1349539643

ISBN-13: 9781349539642

ISBN-10: 4820073613

ISBN-13: 9784820073611

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Extra resources for Agents of the Welfare State: How Caseworkers Respond to Need in the United States, Germany, and Sweden

Example text

Specific-skill systems are associated with and supported by developed vocational systems in which business associations and labor unions collaborate to ensure high quality, consistent training programs, as well as good employment prospects for graduates. In countries without such protections, individuals are better off investing in general skills that are transferable between jobs. Educational systems in these countries similarly reinforce this pattern of human capital development with limited vocational and company training but a highly developed system of general, university-level education (Iversen 2005).

Liberal states are therefore distinguished by a large number of private pension systems and a heavy emphasis on meanstested benefits. The Conservative welfare state (of which Germany is a member) is characterized primarily by the maintenance of occupational status. Eligibility is based on contribution. Funding is primarily through employer and employee contributions to a large number of occupationally based funds, with benefit levels maintaining the status and wealth of one’s occupation. ” Caring service, in the Catholic model, is to be provided primarily by the family and to some extent by private charitable organizations.

The regulatory and administrative challenge this balancing act represents concerns how frontline officials interpret rules and directives in light of the underlying goals of an institution. This “problem of legality” is one of “[establishing] procedures P 20 AGENTS OF THE WELFARE STATE and attitudes that will prevent inconsistent and arbitrary decisions but that will also promote the rational adaptation of regulatory policies to the requirements of specific cases” (Kagan 1978, p. 85). But the difficulty with creating responsive decision makers is not equal for all organizations.

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Agents of the Welfare State: How Caseworkers Respond to Need in the United States, Germany, and Sweden by Christopher J. Jewell (auth.)

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