By S. Stewart
This e-book explores sociological debates when it comes to tradition, flavor and cost. It argues that sociology can give a contribution to debates approximately aesthetic worth and to an knowing of the way humans overview.
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Extra resources for A Sociology of Culture, Taste and Value
Michel Maffesoli (1996) argues that re-enchantment pervades our social lives and is articulated in our afﬁliation, often temporary, with a number of ‘tribes’ formed on the basis of symbolic and aesthetic attachments, values, lifestyles, tastes or interests. Consumerism – arguably the most prominent enchantment – has become ‘the most persuasive and pervasive globally extensive form of cultural life, one to which more and more people around the world continue to aspire’ (Smart, 2010, p. 4). On the political front, with a 24/7 media-driven news culture, politics is more about enchantment than ever, with political parties ever-reliant on the charismatic authority and popular appeal of leaders.
The type of authority that concerns us in this chapter, legal authority, rests on abstract, calculable rules that operate independently of human passions. Traditional authority is also rule-oriented, even if its rules are not rationally calculated but have their basis in that which is established. Charismatic authority is quite different because, according to Weber (1968, p. 244), it is ‘foreign to all rules’, and its legitimacy is dependent purely on the ability of the charismatic leader to be exceptional, whether as hero, prophet or demagogue.
967). According to Weber, bureaucracy that is within the sphere of the 36 A Sociology of Culture, Taste and Value state constitutes a bureaucratic agency and where it serves capitalist accumulation it constitutes a bureaucratic enterprise. In both instances, a money economy provides the most efﬁcient and calculable means of funding this mode of organization, whether through taxation (in the case of the state) or through private proﬁt (in the case of enterprise) (Weber, 1968, p. 956). This bureaucratic structure is ‘a late product of historical development’ that has revolutionary results, profoundly altering human experience.
A Sociology of Culture, Taste and Value by S. Stewart