By Sidney Ochs
Sidney Ochs starts off his survey with a chronological examine the heritage of nerves from the 5th century B.C. to the early eighteenth century to illustrate the advance of our wisdom of the molecular mechanisms of neuronal functionality. Ochs then adopts a thematic procedure, contemplating key issues from the eighteenth century to the current. the quantity will function a useful source for historians of neuroscience and medication, philosophers of technological know-how and drugs, and neuroscientists.
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Additional resources for A History of Nerve Functions: From Animal Spirits to Molecular Mechanisms
Poseidonios of Byzantium (ﬂ. 26 The general view held by the cell theorists was that animal spirits ﬂowed from their initial formation in the forward cell, where they acquired the power of imagination; back to the middle cell, where the power of thought (understanding) is located; and then to the posterior cell, which has the power of memorization. Understanding would judge what was valid in the imagination, changing what was necessary before sending the modiﬁed spirits to the posterior cell to be retained in memory.
That the nature of nerves is clearly differentiated from blood vessels and tendons. 82 83 84 (Lindberg, 1976). This can be observed by exerting a relatively light pressure to the side of the eyeball through the closed eyelids. Additional evidence is the appearance of a light shining out from the tapetum of animal eyes, as seen in cat eyes at dusk. (Lindberg, 1976), p. 9. 85 (Stratton, 1917). 86 (Solmsen, 1961). , contained a celebrated institution of learning that attracted scholars from all over the Greek and Roman world.
The recurrent laryngeal nerve of the right side runs under the innominate vessel to innervate the lower part of the muscle; the recurrent nerve of the left side runs under the aorta to innervate the muscle. PULM, pulmonary; SUP, superior. From (Singer, 1925), Figure 29. the site of a dislocation or fracture, a pulley arrangement served to pull the bones away from the site to reduce it. Perhaps this alternate mechanical model of Galen represents some lingering identiﬁcation of nerves with tendons.
A History of Nerve Functions: From Animal Spirits to Molecular Mechanisms by Sidney Ochs