Get A Companion to Dental Anthropology PDF

By Joel D. Irish, G. Richard Scott

ISBN-10: 1118845439

ISBN-13: 9781118845431

ISBN-10: 111884548X

ISBN-13: 9781118845486

ISBN-10: 111884551X

ISBN-13: 9781118845516

Companion to Dental Anthropology provides a suite of unique readings addressing all elements and sub-disciplines of the sphere of dental anthropology—from its origins and evolution via to the most recent medical research.

  • Represents the main accomplished insurance of all sub-disciplines of dental anthropology on hand today
  • Features person chapters written via  specialists of their particular region of dental research
  • Includes authors who additionally current effects from their learn via case experiences or voiced evaluations approximately their work
  • Offers broad insurance of themes with regards to dental evolution, morphometric version, and pathology

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Extra resources for A Companion to Dental Anthropology

Sample text

Lastly, some, such as elephants, m­anatees, and kangaroos, replace their teeth differently from most: they are added from the back and push antecedents forward along the jaw until they fall out of the front, like a dental conveyor belt. But why only two generations? The usual explanation is the need for reliable, precise occlusion. While it would be nice to be able to replace worn, broken, or diseased teeth, that will not work for mastication (Crompton and Jenkins 1968). Besides, because skull growth usually stops abruptly with the eruption of the last molar (Pond 1977), there is no need for larger and larger ones throughout life.

This subject has captured the imagination of dental researchers for a very long time (see Donoghue 2002). They are often linked with scales and the appearance of the jaw. Most current ideas trace to Ørvig (1967, 1977), who argued that teeth are differ­ entiated from “odontodes,” dentin structures that enclosed internal pulp cavities housing blood vessels and attached to bases of bone or cartilage. The small, tooth‐like placoid scales, or denticles, that give shark skin its sandpaper‐like texture are a good model.

Early studies of hominin fossil teeth provided detailed descriptive data on the crowns and roots of individual fossils. The problem was a lack of comparative standards. In the 1980s, Bernard Wood and collaborators made the first systematic morphological obser­ vations on australopithecines and early Homo (Wood and Abbott 1983; Wood and Engleman 1988; Wood and Uytterschaut 1987; Wood, Abbott, and Graham 1983; Wood, Abbott, and Uytterschaut 1988). With larger fossil samples, it became possible to characterize taxa in terms of trait frequencies, a dramatic improvement over individual fossil descriptions.

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A Companion to Dental Anthropology by Joel D. Irish, G. Richard Scott

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